The best way to learn to bass fish is to go out and do it. Every time you catch a fish pay attention to the where the fish was temp of the water cover near by and ...more the water color. The more you fish the more information you will have for your own. It is hard to tell someone how to fish if you don't know a lot of what is going on. That is why the best way is to go and find them. Good luck and post some pics of what you catch so we can see you learn and grow on the sport of fishing!
If I had to build a beginners tackle box it would consist of 2 small white Spinnerbaits, 2 small Chartreuse / white Spinnerbaits, stick bait and curl tailed worms ...more in darker colors, 2/0 offset worm hooks (non extra gap), assortment of bullet weights, 2 Chartreuse / white buzzbaits, hollow body frog, swivels and 2 Chartreuse squarebill crankbait that should get you started
John Fitch & Tyler Curry both offer great info here. To add to them, when fishing from the bank, be sure to step lightly and not to walk right at the water's ...more edge, you will spook a lot of fish. I also prefer yum dinger over senkos due to price as well as yum has better colors in my opinion. Never pass up any irregularities. such as a random clump of grass or a stick up, or a transition where say a rocky bank changes to red clay. fish will hold on these transitions. For more in depth knowledge feel free to message me or email me at email@example.com
If your looking for one bait that will help you catch fish almost anytime a year, then try a 4 inch wacky rigged Senko. I like yum dingers in Mardi Gras color. They're ...more cheap and work great. Just get a 1/0 hook and hook the worm right in the middle. You can fish this in ponds, lakes, river or streams. You can also fish it in wood, grass, rocks or anything else you might be fishing.
Base info: If you have no experience and bank fishing on ponds I would start small using small lures where it will be easier to catch smaller more aggressive bass. ...more That will build your confidence and you will learn from each catch. And fish structure, bass like to ambush their prey. And just because you use smaller lures does not mean you won't catch big bass. Once you learn the basics than you can move up to bigger game.